A PCR-lateral flow assay system based on gold magnetic nanoparticles for CYP2C19 genotyping and its clinical applications
Presently, clopidogrel is the standard therapeutic drugs for antiplatelet therapy. Variants in the CYP2C19 gene influence the clinical response of clopidogrel. Thus, the US Food and Drug Administration suggested CYP2C19 genotyping needs to identify before taking medicine. Due to high cost, time consuming, and sophisticated instruments, current single nucleotide polymorphism detection methods are limited in clinical application. In the present study, we established a genotyping method for CYP2C19, which combines amplification refractory mutation system (ARMS)-PCR with a lateral flow assay used gold magnetic nanoparticles (GMNPs) named as PCR-gold magnetic lateral flow assay system (PCR-GoldMag LFA). The PCR products with specific genotype can be explained within 5 minutes, either through visual or by a magnetic reader automatically according to the captured GMNPs probes on the test lines of the LFA strips. The limit of detection of this method is 5 ng of genomic DNA. The PCR-GoldMag LFA system was applied in a clinical trial with 1356 samples of Han Chinese. The concordance rate between the LFA system and sequencing is 99.93%. The allele frequency of CYP2C19*2 and CYP2C19*3 are 30.38 and 7.08% in Han Chinese, respectively. This method provides a new way in the clinical application of CYP2C19 genotyping to guide the clopidogrel medication.