A fluorescent Cd(II) based 2-D coordination polymer for highly selective detection of nitroaromatics and Hg2+

A 2-D Cd(II) coordination polymer (CP), {[Cd2(L)2(4,4′-bipy)2(H2O)∙7H2O]n (1), has been synthesized using 5-aminoisophthalic acid (H2L) as ligand and 4,4′-bipyridine as co-ligand. A single-crystal X-ray diffraction study shows that 1 is an infinite 2-D layer. CP 1 behaves as a highly selective and sensitive fluorescence chemosensor for detection of Hg2+ and 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT). Furthermore, possible emission quenching in 1 in the presence of nitroaromatics has been addressed with the aid of theoretical calculations. The calculations indicated that there are both electron and energy transfer processes, in addition to electrostatic interaction between 1 and nitroaromatics which contributes to the selective fluorescence quenching.