A revisit to two-way factorial ANOVA with mixed effects and interactions
Two mixed models exist in analysis of two-way factorial ANOVA with mixed effects and interactions: the constrained and unconstrained models. The constrained model is unfavored because there is no convincing rationale for the enforced constraints on its random interactions and a lack of clear interpretation about its variance components. The purpose of this study is to further explore the relationship between these two models. We reveal some nice features of the constrained model on partition of the responsive variance. An alternative formulation of ANOVA that follows from this exploration is also presented.