Application of the pKa rule to synthesize salts of bezafibrate

Co-crystallization frequently employs forces such as hydrogen bonds, halogen bonds, and π-π stacking to assemble molecules in a multi-component crystal. In an effort to increase the strength of the intermolecular interaction between the anti-cholesterol drug bezafibrate (BEZA), a wastewater contaminant, and hydrogen-bond-acceptor molecules, we modified the pKa values of the acceptors. Here, we describe the first series of salts incorporating BEZA and achieve a variety of supramolecular architectures including discrete assemblies, 1D chains, tapes, and 2D sheets. We discuss exceptions to the pKa rule, and demonstrate that the presence of hydrogen-bond-donor atoms on the acceptor molecule supports salt formation.