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Association of pazopanib-induced toxicities with outcome of patients with advanced soft tissue sarcoma; a retrospective analysis based on the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) 62043 and 62072 clinical trials

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posted on 04.03.2019 by Melissa Vos, Stefan Sleijfer, Saskia Litière, Nathan Touati, Florence Duffaud, Winette T. van der Graaf, Hans Gelderblom

Background: There is an unmet need for markers predicting the outcome of patients with advanced soft tissue sarcoma (STS) treated with pazopanib. Since toxicity might be related to the anti-tumor activity of the drug, the aim of this study was to determine whether pazopanib-induced proteinuria, hypothyroidism and cardiotoxicity grade 3-4 were associated with outcome.

Methods: The combined results of the EORTC 62043 and 62072 trials were retrospectively assessed and used in a landmark analysis to evaluate the effect of the toxicities on progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS), using the Kaplan-Meier method and Cox regression models.

Results: Of the 333 eligible patients, 259 patients were included in the analyses, for which a landmark time point of 60 days after randomization/registration was selected. Proteinuria occurred in 25.1%, hypothyroidism in 22.0% and cardiotoxicity grade 3–4 in 5.8% of the patients (any grade in 41.7%). There was no effect of the occurrence of proteinuria (6-months PFS 35.4% for patients with vs. 38.3% for patients without proteinuria, HR 1.01, p = .953), hypothyroidism (41.2% vs. 36.5%, HR 0.82, p = .210) or cardiotoxicity grade 3–4 (26.7% vs. 38.2%, HR 0.97, p = .897) on PFS. Nor was there an effect of proteinuria (6-months OS 63.2% for patients with vs. 74.4% for patients without proteinuria, HR 1.22, p = .196), hypothyroidism (76.2% vs. 70.5%, HR 0.75, p = .093) or cardiotoxicity grade 3–4 (80.0% vs. 77.2%, HR 0.93, p = .801) on OS.

Conclusion: There was no association between the occurrence of pazopanib-induced proteinuria, hypothyroidism and cardiotoxicity and outcome. Therefore, these toxicities cannot be used as predictors for pazopanib activity in patients with advanced STS.

Funding

This publication was supported by the EORTC Cancer Research Fund. Nathan Touati’s work as Fellow at the EORTC Headquarters was supported by a grant from the EORTC Soft Tissue and Bone Sarcoma Group.

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