C-terminus of Sororin interacts with SA2 and regulates sister chromatid cohesion
Sororin is a conserved protein required for accurate separation of sister chromatids in each cell cycle. Sororin is recruited to chromatin during DNA replication, protects sister chromatid cohesion in S and G2 phase, and regulates the resolution of sister chromatid cohesion in mitosis. Sororin binds to cohesin complex, but how Sororin and cohesin subunits interact remains unclear. Here we report that the C-terminus of Sororin, especially the last 12 amino acid (aa) residues, is important for Sororin to bind cohesin core subunit SA2. Deletion of the last 12aa residues not only inhibits the interactions between Sororin and SA2 but also causes precocious chromosome separation. Our data suggest that the C-terminus of Sororin functions as an anchor binding to SA2, which facilitates other conserved motifs on Sororin to interact with other proteins to regulate sister chromatid cohesion and separation.