Chemical constituents from Agrimonia pilosa Ledeb. and their chemotaxonomic significance

Phytochemical investigation of the ethanol extract from the whole plant of Agrimonia pilosa led to the isolation of 31 compounds, including 16 flavonoids (116), 5 triterpenes (1721), 1 isocoumarin (22), 5 phenolic acids (2327), 1 ceramide (28), 2 agrimols (2930) and 1 fatty acid (31). Their structures were determined by various spectroscopic analyses. Compounds 5, 7 and 20 were firstly isolated from the genus Agrimonia, and compounds 6, 1011, 15, 26, 28 and 31 were isolated from the family Rosaceae for the first time. Moreover, the chemotaxonomic significance of these compounds was summarised.