Comparative study of genome-wide plant biomass-degrading CAZymes in white rot, brown rot and soft rot fungi

We have conducted a genome-level comparative study of basidiomycetes wood-rotting fungi (white, brown and soft rot) to understand the total plant biomass (lignin, cellulose, hemicellulose and pectin) -degrading abilities. We have retrieved the genome-level annotations of well-known 14 white rot fungi, 15 brown rot fungi and 13 soft rot fungi. Based on the previous literature and the annotations obtained from CAZy (carbohydrate-active enzyme) database, we have separated the genome-wide CAZymes of the selected fungi into lignin-, cellulose-, hemicellulose- and pectin-degrading enzymes. Results obtained in our study reveal that white rot fungi, especially Pleurotus eryngii and Pleurotus ostreatus potentially possess high ligninolytic ability, and soft rot fungi, especially Botryosphaeria dothidea and Fusarium oxysporum sp., potentially possess high cellulolytic, hemicellulolytic and pectinolytic abilities. The total number of genes encoding for cytochrome P450 monooxygenases and metabolic processes were high in soft and white rot fungi. We have tentatively calculated the overall lignocellulolytic abilities among the selected wood-rotting fungi which suggests that white rot fungi possess higher lignin and soft rot fungi potentially possess higher cellulolytic, hemicellulolytic and pectinolytic abilities. This approach can be applied industrially to efficiently find lignocellulolytic and aromatic compound-degrading fungi based on their genomic abilities.