Experimental and theoretical DFT (B3LYP, X3LYP, CAM-B3LYP and M06-2X) study on electronic structure, spectral features, hydrogen bonding and solvent effects of 4-methylthiadiazole-5-carboxylic acid

Detailed structural, electronic and spectroscopic study of 4-methylthiadiazole-5-carboxylic acid, one of the simplest 1,2,3-thiadiazole derivatives has been performed using density functional theory at four different functionals (B3LYP, X3LYP, CAM-B3LYP and M06-2X). The two possible conformers and their dimeric forms have been investigated for the stability and hence for the calculation of molecular properties of the title compound. Vibrational analysis has been performed with the help of experimental FT-IR and FT-Raman spectra. NBO analysis has been performed to estimate the N–H—O=C hydrogen bond strength and to evaluate the intra and inter molecular charge transfer in the system. Intermolecular hydrogen-bond strength has also been computed using Atoms in Molecules (AIM) theory. To visualise spatial domain, key sites of electron transitions and electron density difference between ground as well as excited states, and their 2D and 3D plots have been computed. Solvent effect on the intermolecular hydrogen bonding have also been investigated using solvents of different polarities. Non-linear optical properties, molecular electrostatic potential surface map (MESP), thermodynamic potentials at different temperatures have also been computed and plotted.