Human chromatin remodeler cofactor, RNA interactor, eraser and writer sperm RNAs responding to obesity

In the United States almost 33% of adults are considered obese (BMI > 30 kg/m2). Both animal models and to a lesser extent human studies, have associated BMI, a measure of obesity, with alterations in sperm DNA methylation and RNAs. Sperm RNAs from the Assessment of Multiple Gestations from Ovarian Stimulation trial, were isolated and sequenced. A Generalized Linear Model identified 487 BMI associated human sperm RNA elements (short exon-sized sequences). They partitioned into four patterns; a continual increase with BMI, increase once obese (BMI>30 kg/m2); a steady decrease with BMI; and decrease once overweight (BMI 25 - 30 kg/m2). Gene Ontology revealed a unique relationship between BMI and transcripts associated with chromosome organization, adipogenesis, cellular stress and obesity-related inflammation. Coregulatory networks linked by Chromatin remodeler cofactors, RNA interactors, Erasers and Writers (CREWs) were uncovered to reveal a hierarchical epigenetic response pathway.