Integrated analysis of miRNA and mRNA expression profiles in p53-edited PFF cells
p53 is the most frequently mutated gene in human cancers, with over half of all tumors harboring mutation at this locus. R248 and R249 (corresponding to porcine R241 and R242), are among the hotspot mutations frequently mutated in liver, lung, breast, and some other cancers. In this study, p53 gene was knocked out or point-edited (R241 and R242 were converted to 241W and 242S) in porcine fetal fibroblast (PFF) cells via CRISPR-Cas9 technique. High throughput sequencing of miRNA and mRNA uncovered a total of 225 differentially expressed miRNAs (DEMs) and 738 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in the p53 knockout (p53-KO) cells, and a total of 211 DEMs and 722 DEGs in the point-modified (p53-241W242S) cells. Totally 28 annotated DEMs were found to overlap between p53-KO/p53-WT and p53-241W242S/p53-WT miRNAs datasets, of which miR-34 c, miR-218, miR-205, miR-105-1, miR-105-2, miR-206, miR-224 and miR-429 play important roles in p53 regulatory network. Among the top 10 DEGs in p53-KO and p53-241W242S cells, most genes were reported to be involved in tumors, cell proliferation or cell migration. p53-KO and p53-241W242S cells showed a significantly higher (P < 0.01) proliferation rate compared with p53-WT cells. In conclusion, genetic modifications of p53 gene significantly affect the expression levels of a large number of genes and miRNAs in the PFF cells. The p53-edited PFF cells could be used as non-tumor cell models for investigating the p53 signaling network, and as donor cells for somatic nuclear transfer, with the aim to develop porcine models with the corresponding p53 mutations.
Abbreviations: CRISPR-Cas9: Clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats-associated protein 9; PFF: porcine fetal fibroblasts; SCNT: somatic cell nuclear transfer; RNA sequencing: small RNA sequencing and mRNA sequencing; DEGs: differentially expressed mRNAs; DEMs: differentially expressed miRNAs.