Ionisation energy, electron affinity, and mass spectral decomposition mechanisms of RDX isomers upon electron attachment and electron ionisation
The structures, ionisation energies (IE), and electron affinities (EA) of 1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazacyclohexane (RDX) isomers upon loss and gain of an electron were calculated using density functional theory (DFT) methods. The adiabatic electron affinities (EAad) range from 1 to 2 eV. The vertical detachment energies are between 1.3 and 4.0 eV. The adiabatic ionisation energies (IEad) are in the 9.9–10.2 eV range. The vertical ionisation energies are in the 10.4–10.9 eV range. It is shown that NO2−/NO2 loss would be common in anions and cations, respectively. Isomerisation and N—N bond dissociation accompany cation and anion formation, respectively. The suggested mass spectral fragmentation products for the cations along the S0 surface are 84, 130, and 176 amu, in agreement with earlier mass spectrometry studies.