Isolation, structural identification and biological characterization of two conopeptides from the Conus pennaceus venom

A novel anti-mollusk conopeptide pn4c was isolated from the Conus pennaceus venom by repeated HPLC fractionation based on the activity against freshwater snails. The primary structure of pn4c was determined by the mass spectrometric de novo sequencing analysis. In addition, pn3a was isolated from the same fraction containing pn4c, as a peptide with unknown functions.