Local anaesthetic potential, metabolic profiling, molecular docking and in silico ADME studies of Ocimum forskolei, family Lamiaceae
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The present study aimed to detect the bioactive metabolites from Ocimum forskolei aerial parts which are responsible for the local anaesthetic activity of the ethyl acetate fraction. Following a bioassay-guided fractionation, twelve compounds were dereplicated from the ethyl acetate fraction which was the most potent one with a mean onset of action (1.43 ± 0.07****) min compared to tetracaine as a positive control (1.37 ± 0.07****) min. These compounds, along with seven other compounds (isolated by diverse chromatographic techniques) were subjected to a molecular docking study to declare the top scoring compounds predicted to be responsible for such activity. The results highlighted Rabdosiin and Apigenin-7-O-rutinoside as the main bioactive leaders of the local anaesthesia via forming multiple H- bonding with the sodium ion channels leading to their blockade and loss of pain sensation, which strongly supports the use of O. forskolei as a local anaesthetic agent.