Local anaesthetic potential, metabolic profiling, molecular docking and in silico ADME studies of Ocimum forskolei, family Lamiaceae
The present study aimed to detect the bioactive metabolites from Ocimum forskolei aerial parts which are responsible for the local anaesthetic activity of the ethyl acetate fraction. Following a bioassay-guided fractionation, twelve compounds were dereplicated from the ethyl acetate fraction which was the most potent one with a mean onset of action (1.43 ± 0.07****) min compared to tetracaine as a positive control (1.37 ± 0.07****) min. These compounds, along with seven other compounds (isolated by diverse chromatographic techniques) were subjected to a molecular docking study to declare the top scoring compounds predicted to be responsible for such activity. The results highlighted Rabdosiin and Apigenin-7-O-rutinoside as the main bioactive leaders of the local anaesthesia via forming multiple H- bonding with the sodium ion channels leading to their blockade and loss of pain sensation, which strongly supports the use of O. forskolei as a local anaesthetic agent.