Optimization and purification of glucansucrase produced by Leuconostoc mesenteroides DRP2-19 isolated from Chinese Sauerkraut

Strain DRP2-19 was detected to produce high yield of glucansucrase in MRS broth, which was identified to be Leuconostoc mesenteroides. In order for industrial glucansucrase production of L. mesenteroides DRP2-19, a one-factor test was conducted, then response surface method was applied to optimize its yield and discover the best production condition. Based on Plackett–Burman (PB) experiment, sucrose, Ca2+, and initial pH were found to be the most significant factors for glucansucrase production. Afterwards, effects of the three main factors on glucansucrase activity were further investigated by central composite design and the optimum composition was sucrose 35.87 g/L, Ca2+ 0.21 mmol/L, and initial pH 5.56. Optimum results showed that glucansucrase activity was increased to 3.94 ± 0.43 U/mL in 24 hr fermentation, 2.66-fold higher than before. In addition, the crude enzyme was purified using ammonium sulfate precipitation, ion-exchange chromatography, and gel filtration. The molecular weight of glucansucrase was determined as approximately 170 kDa by Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). The enzyme was purified 15.77-fold and showed a final specific activity of 338.56 U/mg protein.