Physically founded phonon dispersions of few-layer materials and the case of borophene

By building physically sound interatomic force constants, we offer evidence of the universal presence of a quadratic phonon branch in all unstrained 2D materials, thus contradicting much of the existing literature. Through a reformulation of the interatomic force constants (IFCs) in terms of internal coordinates, we find that a delicate balance between the IFCs is responsible for this quadraticity. We use this approach to predict the thermal conductivity of Pmmn borophene, which is comparable to that of , and displays a remarkable in-plane anisotropy. These qualities may enable the efficient heat management of borophene devices in potential nanoelectronic applications.

IMPACT STATEMENT The newly found universality of quadratic dispersion will change the way 2D-material phonons are calculated. Predicted results for borophene shall become a fundamental reference for future research on this material.