Preparation of monodisperse magnetic surface molecularly imprinted polymers for selective recognition of lincomycin hydrochloride in milk

<p>Monodisperse magnetic surface molecularly imprinted polymers (M-MIPs) with a specificity for lincomycin hydrochloride (LIN) were successfully prepared using surface-initiated atom transfer radical polymerization on the monodisperse magnetic polymer (vinylbenzylchloride/divinylbenzene) (Fe<sub>3</sub>O<sub>4</sub>/P<sub>VBC/DVB</sub>) with LIN as a template molecule and 4-vinyl pyridine as the functional monomer. The Fe<sub>3</sub>O<sub>4</sub> magnetic nanoparticles embedded itself in the micropores of polymer (P<sub>VBC/DVB</sub>) by reversibly swelling adsorption method in which the pores of the polymer are swollen by the solvent, and then the Fe<sub>3</sub>O<sub>4</sub> magnetic nanoparticles enter the pores, and as the solvent evaporates the pores of the polymer back to their original size, and Fe<sub>3</sub>O<sub>4</sub> magnetic nanoparticles are left in the pores. The composition and magnetic properties of the polymer were characterized using scanning elemental microscopy analysis, X-ray diffraction, Surface element analysis and vibrating sample magnetometer analysis. The results of this study showed that the M-MIPs had good specific recognition ability for LIN. The imprinting factor is 3.72. The specific recognition capability of the polymers was affirmed by high performance liquid chromatography analysis. The spiked recovery was 94.3%–98.2% with RSD ≤ 3.7%, and the minimum detection limit is 15.0 ng/g (<i>S/N</i> = 3) indicating that this material has application value in the pretreatment of complex samples.</p>