Prunasin production using engineered Escherichia coli expressing UGT85A47 from Japanese apricot and UDP-glucose biosynthetic enzyme genes
Japanese apricot, Prunus mume Sieb. et Zucc., biosynthesizes the l-phenylalanine-derived cyanogenic glucosides prunasin and amygdalin. Prunasin has biological properties such as anti-inflammation, but plant extraction and chemical synthesis are impractical. In this study, we identified and characterized UGT85A47 from Japanese apricot. Further, UGT85A47 was utilized for prunasin microbial production. Full-length cDNA encoding UGT85A47 was isolated from Japanese apricot after 5ʹ- and 3ʹ-RACE. Recombinant UGT85A47 stoichiometrically catalyzed UDP-glucose consumption and synthesis of prunasin and UDP from mandelonitrile. Escherichia coli C41(DE3) cells expressing UGT85A47 produced prunasin (0.64 g/L) from racemic mandelonitrile and glucose. In addition, co-expression of genes encoding UDP-glucose biosynthetic enzymes (phosphoglucomutase and UTP-glucose 1-phosphate uridiltransferase) and polyphosphate kinase clearly improved prunasin production up to 2.3 g/L. These results showed that our whole-cell biocatalytic system is significantly more efficient than the existing prunasin production systems, such as chemical synthesis.
Prunasin production using engineered Escherichia coli expressing UGT85A47 from Japanese apricot.