Pyridinium encapsulation within a novel cyano-footed pyrogallol[4]arene nanocapsule

A novel polar solvent-soluble tetra-functionalised cyano-footed calixarene forms a dimeric capsule, sealed via a hydrogen-bonding network between the two macrocycles, a single water molecule and a chloride anion, resulting in the encapsulation of a pyridinium guest, as shown in both solution and the solid state.