Reaction of 2-imino-2H-chromene-3-carboxamide with some phosphorus esters: Synthesis of some novel chromenes containing phosphorus heterocycles and phosphonate groups and their antioxidant and cytotoxicity properties

Novel chromenyl α-aminophosphonic acid 4 and dialkyl chromenyl phosphonate 6 have been obtained. In addition, some novel types of chromene fused with phosphorus heterocycles such as chromeno[4,3-c][1,2]azaphospholes 5 and 7, chromeno[2,3-d][1,3,2]diazaphosphinine 8 and 1,2-oxaphosphinino[3,4-c]pyridine 10 have been synthesized. The methodology depended on treatment of 2-imino-2H-chromene-3-carboxamide (1) with some phosphorus esters. The synthesized compounds were evaluated for antioxidant and cytotoxic activities. Among the synthesized compounds, compound 5 exhibited the most antioxidant activity with IC50 = 2.8 μg/mL in comparison with ascorbic acid as standard antioxidant. Also, compound 5 had significant cytotoxic effects against four cancer cell lines. Its IC50 values ranged between 4.96 and 7.44 μg/mL in comparison to doxorubicin (IC50 = 0.426–0.493 μg/mL).