Rotational and rovibrational transitions in the a 1Δ2 and b 1Σ+0+ states of sulfur monoxide radical
Sulfur monoxide radical has widely been detected in outer space using ground-state spectroscopy. The a 1Δ2 and b 1Σ+0+ states of this radical have low excitation energies, and they possibly exist in outer space. In this work, the potential energy curves and dipole moment functions of the two states were evaluated using the complete active space self- consistent field method, followed by the valence internally contracted multireference configuration interaction approach. The transition line positions, oscillator strengths, band transition dipole matrix elements, Einstein A coefficients, and Franck–Condon factors of all transitions were calculated for lower vibrational levels at rotational angular momentum quantum number J up to 150. The transition line positions calculated in this study are in good agreement with the experimental results. The rovibrational transition became noticeably weak at Δυ > 5. Comparing the results of a 1Δ2 and b 1Σ+0+ states reported in this paper with the previous values, we conclude that these results are the most accurate and complete to date.