Rural banking in China: a case of centralization?

2017-02-02T13:50:07Z (GMT) by Godfrey Yeung Canfei He Peng Zhang

Four types of banking institutions responded differently to the drive to centralize Chinese rural banking operations. In 2009 city commercial and market-oriented banks had a higher density of outlets in economically developed than in less developed counties, as expected, while rural banking institutions had an unexpectedly higher density in non-agricultural than in agriculture-based counties. Circumstantial evidence suggests that the wholly state-owned and policy-oriented Agricultural Development Bank of China has invested in business-oriented activities in non-agricultural counties. These banking sector developments could have long-term policy implications for rural development in China.