Synthesis and characterization of new hydrolytic-resistant dental resin adhesive monomer HMTAF
Hydrolytic and enzymatic degradation of resin adhesives over time has been mainly attributed to secondary caries formation of methacrylate-based tooth-colored resin-based composite restorations. Ability of resin adhesive monomers to infiltrate into demineralized dentin forming stiff polymer matrix and potentially bonding to tooth structure is also a crucial property. The only commercially available antibacterial monomer, 12-methacryloyloxydodecyl pyridinium bromide (MDPB), is a quaternary ammonium methacrylate. This methacrylate monomer undergoes hydrolytic degradation, and could not bond to tooth structure. In this study, a new hydrolytic resistant monomer HMTAF was synthesized. It is methacrylamide-based monomer that, unlike methacrylate, is highly resistant to hydrolysis. Its molecular structure has particular functional groups; quaternary ammonium fluoride salt with potential antibacterial fluoride-releasing activity, hydroxyl and amide group with hydrogen bonding potential to dentin collagen. Hydroxyl group also increases monomer hydrophilicity for better penetration into water-saturated dentin and sufficient resin-dentin bond. The synthesized HMTAF and its polymer showed no hydrolytic degradation in acidic environment, while MDPB and its polymer were partially decomposed under this challenge. The conversion of monomer HMTAF to polymer was illustrated by FT-IR. The results indicated that HMTAF is highly resistant to hydrolysis, polymerizable and non-cytotoxic to Vero cell lines. It is a potential monomer to be incorporated into resin adhesives for improving hydrolytic and enzymatic resistance.