Synthetic protocols towards homodithiacalix[n]arenes

Synthetic procedures towards homodithiacalix[n]arenes are developed, starting from simple and readily available bifunctional aryl building blocks, by a dynamic covalent chemistry approach. Reaction of 1,3-bis(mercaptomethyl)-5-tert-butyl-2-methoxybenzene under basic conditions leads to a mixture of trimeric, tetrameric and pentameric dimethylenedithia-bridged cyclooligomers, whereas reaction of 5-tert-butyl-2-methoxy-1,3-bis(thiocyanatomethyl) benzene under reducing conditions (and subsequent oxidation) affords the homodithiacalix[4]arene macrocycle in a very selective fashion through efficient disulphide exchange chemistry.




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