Systematic metadata analysis of brown rot fungi gene expression data reveals the genes involved in Fenton’s reaction and wood decay process
Brown-rot fungi are rapid holocellulose degraders and are the most predominant degraders of coniferous wood products in North America. Brown-rot fungi degrades wood by both enzymatic (plant biomass degrading carbohydrate active enzymes-CAZymes) and non-enzymatic systems (Fenton’s reaction) mechanisms. Identifying the genes and molecular mechanisms involved in Fenton’s reaction would significantly improve our understanding about brown-rot decay. Our present study identifies the common gene expression patterns involved in brown rot decay by performing metadata analysis of fungal transcriptome datasets. We have also analyzed and compared the genome-wide annotations (InterPro and CAZymes) of the selected brown rot fungi. Genes encoding for various oxidoreductases, iron homeostasis, and metabolic enzymes involved in Fenton’s mechanism were found to be significantly expressed among all the brown-rot fungal datasets. Interestingly, a higher number of hemicellulases encoding genes were differentially expressed among all the datasets, while a fewer number of cellulases and peroxidases were expressed (especially haem peroxidase and chloroperoxidase). Apart from these lignocellulose degrading enzymes genes encoding for aldo/keto reductases, 2-nitro dioxygenase, aromatic-ring dioxygenase, dienelactone hydrolase, alcohol dehydrogenase, major facilitator superfamily, cytochrome-P450 monoxygenase, cytochrome b5, and short-chain dehydrogenase were common and differentially up regulated among all the analyzed brown-rot fungal datasets.