The association of P2Y12 inhibitors with pro-coagulatory extracellular vesicles and microRNAs in stable coronary artery disease

Extracellular vesicles (EV) act as a cellular communication tool by carrying lipids, proteins and micro RNA (miR) between cells, thereby playing a pivotal role in thromboembolic processes. The effect of P2Y12 inhibitors on pro-coagulatory, phosphatidylserine (PS)-expressing EV has been investigated previously, but only in vitro or during confounding clinical conditions, such as acute coronary syndrome. Hence, we enrolled 62 consecutive patients 12 month after percutaneous coronary intervention and stent implantation and consequent treatment with dual-antiplatelet therapy consisting of low-dose aspirin and P2Y12 inhibitors. Blood for platelet function testing and EV and miR measurements was taken on the last day of P2Y12 inhibitor intake (baseline, on-treatment) and 10, 30 and 180 days thereafter (off-treatment). We did not observe any influence of P2Y12 inhibitors on the levels of PS-EV or EV sub-population from platelets, erythrocytes, monocytes or endothelial cells, respectively. There was no relationship between platelet function and EV levels in plasma. However, the association of miR-21 and miR-150 with platelet EVs was significantly different between on- and off-treatment measurements. Hence, our study suggests no influence of P2Y12 inhibition on the count of EVs in plasma, but on the potential cargo of platelet-derived EV.