The synthesis of 1-biphenyl-4-alkyl-[1,2,3]-triazoles and their mesomorphic behaviour

A series of 1-biphenyl-4-alkyl-[1,2,3]-triazole-based liquid crystal compounds were synthesised via a fast and efficient microwave mediated ‘Click Reaction’ and their phase behaviour is presented. Most of the 1-(3-fluorobiphenyl)-4-alkyl-[1,2,3]-triazole compounds exhibited a smectic A phase with relatively low transition temperatures compared to previously examined aryl-triazole-based mesogens. Small angle X-ray scattering measurement indicated the existence of deep smectic phase for some cases. Structural variations gave rise to different phase behaviour in these triazole-based compounds.