Theoretical study of the mechanism of stable phosphorus ylides derived from 2-aminothiophenol in the presence of different dialkyl acetyelenedicarboxylates

A stepwise reaction mechanism between triphenylphosphine 1 and dialkyl acetylenedicarboxylates 2 in the presence of a SH-acid, such as 2-aminothiophenol 3, has been investigated theoretically with B3LYP method using 6-311++G(d,p) basis set. Potential energies of all structures participating along the reaction path have been evaluated. For all the reactions investigated, the first step was recognized to be the rate-determining step. Quantum mechanical calculations clarified the existence of reaction product as a mixture of two E- or Z-geometrical isomers, and indicate which one of them represents the major form. The effect of subsituated alkyl groups on the potential energy surfaces was investigated. Also, the natural bond orbital method was applied for better understanding the molecular interactions.