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Clinical significance of the CD98hc-CD147 complex in ovarian cancer: a bioinformatics analysis

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posted on 2023-03-17, 21:20 authored by Xin-Yue Zhou, Jin-Yao Li, Jing-Tong Tan, Yi-Li HuangLi, Xiao-Cui Nie, Pu Xia

Ovarian cancer is one of the most common malignant tumours affecting the female reproductive organs. CD147 (BSG) and CD98hc (SLC3A2) are oncogenes that form the CD98hc-CD147 complex, which regulates the proliferation, metastasis, metabolism, and cell cycle of cancer cells. The roles of the CD98hc-CD147 complex in ovarian cancer remain unclear. We analysed the expression and prognostic value of CD147 and CD98hc in ovarian cancer using the TCGA and ICGC databases. The effect of CD147 and CD98hc on the tumour immune response was analysed using the TIMER database. CD98hc was more highly expressed in normal tissues than primary tumour tissues, while CD147 was more highly expressed in primary tumour tissues than normal tissues. CD98hc expression was significantly associated with neutrophil and dendritic cell levels. CD147 and CD98hc were correlated with DNA repair, the cell cycle, and DNA replication. The CD98hc-CD147 complex could serve as a target for ovarian cancer treatment.

What is already known on this subject? CD98hc and CD147 are oncogenes that induce the proliferation and metastasis of cancer cells. The CD98hc-CD147 complex has been identified as a risk factor for cancer patients and causes resistance to cancer treatment.

What do the results of this study add? We confirmed the expression levels of CD98hc and CD147 in ovarian cancer tissues and the effects of these oncogenes on the tumour immune response.

What are the implications of these findings for clinical practice and/or further research? The CD98hc-CD147 complex may serve as a new target for ovarian cancer therapy.

What is already known on this subject? CD98hc and CD147 are oncogenes that induce the proliferation and metastasis of cancer cells. The CD98hc-CD147 complex has been identified as a risk factor for cancer patients and causes resistance to cancer treatment.

What do the results of this study add? We confirmed the expression levels of CD98hc and CD147 in ovarian cancer tissues and the effects of these oncogenes on the tumour immune response.

What are the implications of these findings for clinical practice and/or further research? The CD98hc-CD147 complex may serve as a new target for ovarian cancer therapy.

Funding

This study was supported by the National Natural Scientific Foundation of China under Grant number 81972784; the Natural Scientific Foundation of Shenyang under Grant number 20-205-4-032; and the College Students’ Innovation and Entrepreneurship Training Program of Jinzhou Medical University under Grant number X202210160007.

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