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Describing the evidence linking interprofessional education interventions to improving the delivery of safe and effective patient care: a scoping review

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posted on 2023-12-21, 08:00 authored by Tamara Cadet, Joseph Cusimano, Shelley McKearney, Julie Honaker, Cynthia O’Neal, Reza Taheri, Virginia Uhley, Yingting Zhang, Margaret Dreker, Judith S. Cohn

Empirical evidence indicates that collaborative interprofessional practice leads to positive health outcomes. Further, there is an abundance of evidence examining student and/or faculty perceptions of learning or satisfaction about the interprofessional education (IPE) learning experience. However, there is a dearth of research linking IPE interventions to patient outcomes. The objective of this scoping review was to describe and summarize the evidence linking IPE interventions to the delivery of effective patient care. A three-step search strategy was utilized for this review with articles that met the following criteria: publications dated 2015–2020 using qualitative, quantitative or mixed methods; the inclusion of healthcare professionals, students, or practitioners who had experienced IPE or training that included at least two collaborators within coursework or other professional education; and at least one of ten Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services quality measures (length of stay, medication errors, medical errors, patient satisfaction scores, medication adherence, patient and caregiver education, hospice usage, mortality, infection rates, and readmission rates). Overall, n=94 articles were identified, providing overwhelming evidence supporting a positive relationship between IPE interventions and several key quality health measures including length of stay, medical errors, patient satisfaction, patient or caregiver education, and mortality. Findings from this scoping review suggest a critical need for the development, implementation, and evaluation of IPE interventions to improve patient outcomes.

Funding

For Cadet, this work was supported by the National Institute on Aging [K23 AG062795-04].

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    Journal of Interprofessional Care

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