High-throughput virtual screening and molecular dynamics simulation reveals NPC170742 a novel chalconoid compound as a potential inhibitor of D-glycero-D-manno-heptose-1,7-bisphosphate 7-phosphatase in Helicobacter pylori
Helicobacter pylori is a gram negative spiral shaped bacteria that causes peptic ulcer and gastric cancer. It Is the sixth most prevalent cancer in the world and the third leading cause of cancer death. The increase in reported cases of H. pylori resistance to the drugs and antibiotics shows the need for the development of new and efficient drugs against the pathogen. In the present study, D-glycero-D-manno-heptose-1,7-bisphosphate 7-phosphatase (GmhB), an enzyme involved in the biosynthesis of lipopolysaccharides that encourages bacterial adherence, self-aggregation and identifying the host cells was modelled and the active sites were predicted through POCASA which is an automated ligand binding site prediction server. Natural product activity and species source (NPASS) is a database of 96,481 natural compounds that were subjected to virtual screening workflow that includes Qikprop, Lipinski rule, filtering out reactive functional groups followed by high throughput virtual screening and the top 10 compounds were selected for further induced fit docking along with the substrate D-glycero-β-D-manno-heptose 1,7-bisphosphate. The compound NPC170742 (Alpha, Beta, 3,4,5,2′,4′,6′-Octahydroxy dihydrochalcone) showed higher affinity than the substrate, and both the substrate D-glycero-β-D-manno-heptose 1,7-bisphosphate and the compound NPC170742 were subjected to molecular dynamics simulation. The results exposed the compound NPC170742 could be a potential lead compound against the enzyme D-glycero-D-manno-heptose-1,7-bisphosphate 7-phosphatase of H. pylori.
Communicated by Ramaswamy H. Sarma