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Identification of core genes affecting IMF deposition in bovine

posted on 22.09.2022, 19:40 authored by Xue Feng, Cuili Pan, Shuang Liu, Honghong Hu, Yun Ma

Intramuscular fat (IMF) content is an important economic factor in beef production. However, knowledge on the key factors controlling bovine IMF is limited. In this study, using weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA), nine modules were identified and the number of transcripts in these modules ranged from 36 to 3191. Two modules were found to be significantly associated with fat deposition and three genes (TCAP, MYH7, and TNNC1) were further identified by Protein–protein interaction (PPI), which may be the hub genes regulating bovine IMF deposition. In addition, considering the genetic variation, the PCK1 gene was found by functional enrichment analysis of overlapping genes, which was previously reported to be involved in IMF deposition. We noted that the core promoter region of buffalo PCK1 binds to transcription factors involved in lipid metabolism while cattle PCK1 binds transcription factors involved in muscle development. The results suggest that PCK1 participated in IMF deposition of buffalo and cattle in different ways. In summary, gene expression networks and new candidate genes associated with IMF deposition identified in this study. This would lay the foundation for further research into the molecular regulatory mechanisms underlying bovine IMF deposition.


This study was funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (32072720), the Key Research and Talent Introduction Project of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region (2019YCZX0068, 2021BEF01002 and 2021NXZD1), and the Leading Talents Fund in Science and Technology Innovation in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region (2020GKLRLX02)