Phase equilibrium modelling and zircon-monazite geochronology of HT-UHT granulites from Kambam ultrahigh-temperature belt, south India
The Madurai block, the largest crustal block in the Precambrian Southern Granulite Terrane of south India, preserves rare assemblages of high- to ultrahigh-temperature metamorphic rocks. These rocks bear exclusive evidence for the high thermal regime prevalent during their formation and can be constrained from accessory phases such as zircon, monazite and garnet. Here, we present the P-T-t evolutionary history of garnet-cordierite-spinel granulites from different localities in the Madurai block. Combined petrography, mineral reaction, geothermobarometry and pseudosection modelling of the samples record HT to near-UHT metamorphic conditions with clockwise P-T trajectories. LA-(MC)-ICPMS U-Pb/Hf isotopic studies on zircons point to Paleoproterozoic high-grade metamorphism in the area with juvenile magmatic signatures. LA-ICPMS/EPMA monazite dating constrains the timing of HT to near-UHT metamorphism at ~580 and ~550 Ma. The heat source required for the Paleoproterozoic high-T event is correlated with the synchronous igneous emplacements reported in the region, whereas the heat source responsible for the Neoproterozoic HT to near-UHT event can be related to the processes associated with crustal thickening and synchronous mafic emplacement. The clockwise P-T trajectories of these granulites are interpreted as the signature of collisional orogeny prevalent in the region during the final stages of Gondwana assembly.