Targeting bladder cancer with Trigonella foenum-graecum: a computational study using network pharmacology and molecular docking
Trigonella foenum-graecum (TF-graecum), known as Hulba or Fenugreek, is one of the oldest known medicinal plants. It has been found to have antimicrobial, antifungal, antioxidant, wound-healing, anti-diarrheal, hypoglycemic, anti-diabetic, and anti-inflammatory activities. In our current report, we have collected and screened the active compounds of TF-graecum and their potential targets via different pharmacology platforms. Network construction shows that eight active compounds may act on 223 potential bladder cancer targets. The pathway enrichment analysis for the seven potential targets of the eight compounds selected, based on KEGG pathway analysis, was conducted to clarify the potential pharmacological effects. Finally, molecular docking and molecular dynamics simulation showed the stability of protein-ligand interactions. This study highlights the need for increased research into the potential medical benefits of this plant.
Communicated by Ramaswamy H. Sarma