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The impact of short-course hypofractionated radiotherapy on multimodality treatment utilisation, compliance, and outcome in glioblastoma patients: a Danish patterns of care study

posted on 2023-08-10, 03:00 authored by Vishnuga Sivarasah Vamsi, Slavka Lukacova, Rikke Hedegaard Dahlrot, Trine Lignell Guldberg, Anders Rosendal Korshøj, Aida Muhic, Anouk Kirsten Trip

The aim of this retrospective registry-based Danish patterns of care study was (1) to evaluate the real-world utilisation of short-course hypofractionated radiotherapy (HFRT) in glioblastoma (GBM) patients over time, and (2) to evaluate the impact of short-course HFRT by assessing trends in multimodality treatment utilisation, compliance, and outcome.

Data of all adults with newly diagnosed pathology-confirmed GBM between 2011 and 2019 were extracted from the nationwide Danish Neuro-Oncology Registry. Short-course HFRT was defined as a fraction size of > 2 Gy to a planned dose of > 30 Gy. Patterns of care were assessed. To analyse trends in the assignment to short-course HFRT, and in radiotherapy (RT) compliance, multivariable logistic regression was applied. To analyse trends in survival, multivariable Cox regression was used.

In this cohort of 2416 GBM patients, the utilisation of short-course HFRT significantly increased from ca. 10% in 2011 to 33% in recent years. This coincided with the discontinued use of palliative regimens and a decreased use of conventional fractionation. The proportion of patients proceeding to RT remained stable at ca. 85%. The proportion of patients assigned to chemoradiotherapy (CRT) remained stable at ca. 60%; the use of short-course hypofractionated CRT increased with ca. 10%, while the use of conventionally fractionated CRT decreased with ca. 10%. Compliance with conventionally fractionated and short-course HFRT was respective 92% and 93%, and significantly increasing in recent years. In the complete cohort, the median overall survival remained stable at ca. 11 months. Assignment to short-course HFRT was independently associated with shorter survival.

In Denmark, the use of short-course HFRT significantly increased in recent years. Nonetheless, the overall utilisation of RT and chemotherapy did not increase on a population level. Nor did survival change. In contrast, compliance with both conventionally fractionated RT and short-course HFRT increased.


This work was supported by the Danish Comprehensive Cancer Centre Brain Tumour Centre/Danish Cancer Society [Grant no. R295-A16770]; and the Danish Comprehensive Cancer Centre [Grant no. 2021-08].