Treatment with a tissue-selective oestrogen complex does not affect disease pathology but reduces pre-BI cells in lupus-prone mice
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE or lupus) is an autoimmune disease characterized by B-cell dysfunction, production of autoantibodies, and immune complex formation. Lupus is overrepresented in females, indicating that sex hormones play a role in the pathophysiology. Treatment with a tissue-selective oestrogen complex (TSEC) containing conjugated oestrogens and the selective oestrogen receptor modulator bazedoxifene (BZA) protects against postmenopausal vasomotor symptoms and osteoporosis, but its impact on organ damage in lupus is not fully understood.
We used ovariectomized MRL/lpr mice, treated with two different physiological doses of 17β-oestradiol-3-benzoate (E2), BZA, or TSEC (E2 plus BZA), to assess early and late B-cell development and to determine histological disease manifestations in the kidneys and salivary glands.
TSEC treatment reduced the frequency of the pre-BI population in bone marrow to levels equivalent to treatment with physiological doses of E2 alone but did not affect any of the other examined B-cell populations. Our earlier studies indicated that TSEC treatment did not aggravate disease development in ovariectomized MRL/lpr mice, while protecting against trabecular bone loss. Here, we follow up on our previous study and show that neither ovariectomy alone nor TSEC treatment of ovariectomized MRL/lpr mice influenced perivascular lymphocyte infiltration to the kidneys or salivary glands.
TSEC does not aggravate a mouse model of lupus, when given in doses that protect against postmenopausal lupus-associated bone loss. This indicates that further investigations into TSEC as a treatment for osteoporosis or vasomotor symptoms in postmenopausal women with SLE are warranted.