High coverage and timeliness of vaccination of children under 6 years of age in Risaralda, Colombia
This study determined the coverage and timeliness of immunization in children <6 y from Risaralda, Colombia. A retrospective cross-sectional study evaluated data from a vaccination coverage and timeliness verification survey conducted in 2019, including 2457 children <6 y from Risaralda, Colombia. Variables included demographics, a record of vaccinations included in the Colombian Vaccination Plan, and date of immunization. Vaccination was defined as timely until 29 d after the day established by the plan. Coverage was over 95% for all vaccinations, except the boosters of diphtheria/pertussis/tetanus (DTP) and oral polio at 18 months (91.0%), influenza (85.6%), and yellow fever (49.2%). Most surveyed children demonstrated very high timeliness of vaccination, with values close to, or over, 90%, although there were exceptions for pentavalent (DTP+Haemophilus influenzae type B+hepatitis B) and polio vaccines at 6 months (79.4%), influenza (85.6%), and yellow fever (49.2%). Before the COVID-19 pandemic, Colombian Vaccination Plan demonstrated high coverage and timeliness of vaccination of children <6 y of age; however, timeliness for the third dose of DTP-Hib-HBV and polio showed opportunities for improvement.