Molecular simulation of the (GPx)-like antioxidant activity of ebselen derivatives through machine learning techniques
The selenoenzyme glutathione peroxidase (GPx) like activity of stable organoselenium compounds has been evaluated through the initial rate of the reduction reaction of H2O2, Cum-OOH, and t-BuOOH. A Quantitative Structure–Activity Relationships (QSAR) analysis based on different machine learning techniques was performed by employing atom-weighed algebraic maps indexes as descriptors. The predictive capability of the obtained models was statistically validated by mean of the correlation coefficient for adjusting (R2), leave one out cross validation (Q2LOO), and bootstrapping (Q2boot). For the case of H2O2 reduction, a model was obtained with six attributes (M2) and values of R2 = 0.907, Q2LOO = 0.867, and Q2boot = 0.852. For the cum-OOH reduction, a model was obtained with five attributes (M15) with the statistical parameters: R2 = 0.925, Q2LOO = 0.894, and Q2boot = 0.873. For the t-BuOOH reduction, a model with four descriptors (M19) was found with the values of R2 = 0.938, Q2LOO = 0.897, Q2boot = 0.856. The statistical parameters obtained for these three models suggest that they are robust enough with good predictive capability. Finally, screening analysis of some related compounds containing selenium was performed and two possible lead compounds were found (16 and 53), which can be used for the searching of candidates with GPx-like activity.