Taylor & Francis Group
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Monomer blended electrochemical polymerization in chiral liquid crystals to produce electro-optically active copolymer

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-05-26, 10:00 authored by Masashi Otaki, Ryo Miyashita, Hiromasa Goto

Electro-optically active low-bandgap conjugated copolymers were obtained by electrochemical polymerization (EP) in cholesteric liquid crystal (CLC). We prepared CLC electrolyte mixture blends of monomers, and electrochemically polymerized for obtaining conjugated copolymer with optical activity, in which the structure of the CLC is transferred, from achiral monomers on a CLC template. In addition, this copolymer showed a narrow bandgap and a significant red shift of the absorption band compared to the homopolymer. The optical rotatory dispersion (ORD) indicates that the polymer is chiroptically active and that the optical rotation can be tuned via redox. The guest monomers used for the EP in liquid crystal (LC) require solubility in the host LC and a rod-like structure, limiting their structural design. This technique has the advantage that complex synthesis of monomers is no required, and simple composition of monomers can be used to prepare copolymer films in a convenient manner by blending various monomers. This method expands the design range of optically active electrochromic devices based on conjugated polymers with pleochroic properties.


This research was supported by Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS), Grants–in–Aid for Scientific Research (No. 20K05626).