tacd_a_2005307_sm4525.docx (19.15 kB)
Download file

Prevalence and predictors of left atrial thrombosis in atrial fibrillation patients treated with non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants

Download (19.15 kB)
journal contribution
posted on 25.11.2021, 11:40 by Filippo Angelini, Pier Paolo Bocchino, Mattia Peyracchia, Andrea Saglietto, Massimo Magnano, Nicolò Patanè, Fabrizio D’Ascenzo, Carla Giustetto, Matteo Anselmino, Fiorenzo Gaita, Elisabetta Toso

Few data are available regarding the prevalence of left atrium (LA) thrombi in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients treated with non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs). Methods: We evaluated the prevalence and predictors of LA/LA appendage (LAA) thrombi in non-valvular AF patients treated with NOACs referring to a single centre for a scheduled electrical cardioversion (ECV) or catheter ablation (CA). Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) was performed within 12 h prior to the index procedure.

A total of 352 consecutive patients with non-valvular AF treated with NOACs were included in this analysis (ECV group n = 176 and CA group n = 176) between 2013 and 2018. 85 patients (24.2%) were on dabigatran, 150 (42.7%) on rivaroxaban, 104 (29.6%) on apixaban and 13 (3.7%) on edoxaban. A LA/LAA thrombus was detected by TEE in 27 (7.7%) patients, 18 in the ECV group and nine in the ablation group; 18 (5.1%) patients presented dense LA/LAA spontaneous echo contrast (SEC). Predictors of LA/LAA thrombi were a CHA2DS2-VASc score > 3 (OR 4.54, 95% CI 1.50 − 13.70, p value = .007) and obesity (OR 6.01, 95% CI 1.95 − 18.50, p value = .001).

Among real-world patients with non-valvular AF treated with NOACs, we found a high incidence of LA/LAA thrombi compared to previous reports. The main predictors of LA/LAA thrombosis were a CHA2DS2-VASc score > 3 and obesity.

History