Salicin prevents TNF-α-induced cellular senescence in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs)
Cellular senescence is strongly tied to vascular disease. The current study aims to examine ways that endothelial cellular senescence can be prevented and the mechanisms by which prevention of senescence occurs. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells were exposed to TNF-α to induce senescence; then salicin was administered in two doses – 50 and 100 µM – to establish a dose-dependent effect of salicin on SA-β-Gal, G1 cell cycle arrest, expression of p21 and PAI-1, p53 acetylation at K382, NRF2 and oxidative stress. NRF2 was examined as a mediating mechanism of salicin’s impact on cellular senescence and was found to account for salicin’s impact on SA-β-Gal, p21, PAI-1 and p53. Together, these results provide a compelling case that salicin has a substantial impact on numerous factors tied to cellular senescence in human endothelial cells. Thus, treatment with salicin may hold promise as a means of preventing aging-related vascular disease. Furthermore, salicin appears to operate via a functional pathway that is different from that affected by anti-inflammatory drugs (e.g. aspirin).