Accommodative asthenopia among Romanian computer-using medical students—A neglected occupational disease

Computers have become to play an important role in people’s lives throughout the world thus increasing the number of patients with ocular complaints. Also known as computer vision syndrome, accommodative asthenopia might be considered as a neglected occupational condition, but there is no consensus regarding diagnostic criteria, which leads to under-recognition and under-reporting. The aim of the study was to investigate the prevalence, early symptoms and specific preventive measures of accommodative asthenopia among computer-using medical students (n = 420), in a cross-sectional study. The most common early symptoms were: tired eyes/eye strain (86.1%), burning eyes (46.8%), migraines/headaches (46.8%), red-swollen eyes (43%), photophobia (41.8%), temporary blurred vision (35.4%), and eyelid spasms (32.9%). Our study identifies the most frequent early symptoms of accommodative asthenopia as a possible occupational disease, which might serve as a fundament for a future consensus strategy.