Bisphenol A removal from a plastic industry wastewater by Dracaena sanderiana endophytic bacteria and Bacillus cereus NI
Understanding the significance of plant-endophytic bacteria for bisphenol A (BPA) removal is of importance for any application of organic pollutant phytoremediation. In this research, Dracaena sanderiana with endophytic Pantoea dispersa showed higher BPA removal than uninoculated plants at 89.54 ± 0.88% and 79.08 ± 1.20%, respectively. Quantitative Real-Time PCR (qPCR) showed that P. dispersa increased from 3.93 × 107 to 8.80 × 107 16S rRNA gene copy number in root tissues from day 0 to day 5 which indicated that it could assist the plant in removing BPA during the treatment period. pH, chemical oxygen demand (COD), biochemical oxygen demand (BOD), total dissolved solids (TDS), conductivity, and salinity were reduced after 5 days of the experimental period. Particularly, BOD significantly decreased due to activities of the plants and microorganisms. Furthermore, an indigenous bacterial strain, Bacillus cereus NI, from the wastewater could remove BPA in high TDS and alkalinity condition of the wastewater. This work suggests that D. sanderiana plants could be used as a tertiary process in a wastewater treatment system and should be combined with its endophytic bacteria. In addition, B. cereus NI could also be applied for BPA removal from wastewaters with high TDS and salinity.